In this new Episode of ” The Wonder Tooth Podcast”, we will discuss TMD problems.An Interview with Dr. Bigliani, from Fluid Physio about the contributing factors and different techniques to alleviate the TMD pain.

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) problems present a complex and interconnected challenge that requires collaboration between dental professionals and physical therapists for effective management. From a dental perspective, TMJ disorders involve dysfunction or misalignment of the jaw joint, often resulting in pain, clicking, or difficulty in jaw movement. Dentists play a crucial role in diagnosing these issues through clinical examination, imaging, and assessing dental occlusion.

Treatment options may include bite splints, orthodontic adjustments, or, in severe cases, surgical intervention. On the other hand, physical therapists focus on the musculoskeletal aspects of TMJ problems. They address muscle imbalances, joint mobility, and posture to alleviate pain and restore optimal function. Physical therapy modalities may include exercises, manual therapy, and posture correction to improve jaw movement and reduce muscle tension.

The collaboration between dental and physical therapy professionals ensures a comprehensive approach to managing TMJ problems, addressing both the dental and musculoskeletal components for a holistic and effective treatment plan.

Contributing Factors of TMJ diseases include:

  • Malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, leading to an improper bite, can contribute to TMJ pain by placing stress on the jaw joint.
  • Bruxism (Teeth Grinding): Persistent teeth grinding or clenching, especially during sleep, can overwork the jaw muscles and lead to TMJ pain. It could be due to Sleep Apnea.
  • Trauma or Injury: Physical trauma to the jaw, such as a blow or impact, can damage the TMJ and surrounding structures, causing pain and dysfunction.
  • Stress and Anxiety: Emotional stress can manifest physically, leading to habits like clenching the jaw or grinding teeth, exacerbating TMJ pain.
  • Arthritis: Conditions like osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can affect the TMJ, causing inflammation, pain, and reduced joint function.
  • Poor Posture: Incorrect head and neck posture can strain the muscles around the jaw, contributing to TMJ pain over time.
  • Chewing Habits: Excessive gum chewing or consistently chewing on one side can imbalance the muscles around the jaw joint, leading to pain.
  • Genetics: Some individuals may be predisposed to TMJ issues due to genetic factors affecting jaw structure or joint function.
  • Dental Procedures: Prolonged dental treatments that require the mouth to stay open for extended periods may strain the TMJ and surrounding muscles, causing pain.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly in women, have been linked to an increased risk of TMJ pain, potentially due to the effect of hormones on joint and muscle function.

How to Alleviate TMJ Pain:

  • Hot and Cold Compresses: Applying a hot compress to the affected area can help relax muscles, while a cold compress can reduce inflammation and numb pain in the TMJ region.
  • Jaw Exercises: Gentle stretching and strengthening exercises prescribed by a physical therapist can improve jaw mobility and alleviate TMJ pain.
  • Posture Correction: Maintaining good posture, especially in the neck and shoulders, can reduce strain on the TMJ and associated muscles, contributing to pain relief.
  • Diet Modification: Choosing softer foods and avoiding excessively chewy or hard items can ease stress on the jaw joint and muscles, providing relief from TMJ pain.
  • Stress Management: Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, or yoga can help manage stress and reduce habits like clenching or grinding that contribute to TMJ pain.
  • Custom Bite Splints: Dentists may recommend the use of custom bite splints or nightguards to prevent teeth grinding and alleviate pressure on the TMJ during sleep.
  • Pain Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be used to manage mild to moderate TMJ pain. However, consultation with a healthcare professional is advised.
  • Avoiding Extreme Jaw Movements: Limiting activities that involve extreme jaw movements, such as wide yawning or biting into large, hard foods, can prevent exacerbation of TMJ pain.
  • Physical Therapy: Working with a physical therapist who specializes in TMJ disorders can provide targeted exercises and manual therapy techniques for pain relief and improved joint function.
  • Relaxation Techniques: Incorporating relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, can help reduce overall muscle tension, including that in the jaw.
  • Moist Heat Packs: Applying a moist heat pack to the jaw area can enhance blood circulation, relax muscles, and provide relief from TMJ pain.

Dr. Gianna Bigliani:

Fluid Physio

160 Lawrenceville Rd, Suite 16

Lawrence Township, NJ, 08648

Tel #609-436-0366

Youtube: Fluid Physio l Physical Therapy – Princeton – YouTube


if you have any questions or looking for a consultation or a second opinion, please reach us at

Instagram: @radwasaad_dmd


Dent Blanche Dental

3640 Lawrenceville Rd, Princeton, NJ, 08540

Office# 609-890-1888

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